Macintosh - Virtual Keyboard Instructions

There are 3 steps needed to load virtual keyboards and type in the desired language

Step 1: Activate the language and input source in the system. This is explained further below for each language
Step 2: Switch to the desired language
Step 3: Type in the desired language

 

Step 1: Activate Language & Input Source

  • Click the Apple menu and open System Preferences
  • Click the U.N. flag icon which represents Language & Region in the first row of the System Preferences panel
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-language-and-region.png
     
    • Click the + sign and add the desired language(s)
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-language.png
     
    • NOTE: The system may ask to use this new language as your primary language. If this happens select Use English
    • Close the System Preferences window

     

    Step 2: Switch to the Desired keyboard

    • In the upper right portion of the screen, click on the American Flag icon (U.S. Flag icon). Use the dropdown menu to select the desired language
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-switch-languages.png
     
    • A flag icon corresponding to the keyboard will now be displayed
    • Pressing Command + Space Bar will cycle through the activated keyboards

     

    Step 3: Type in the Desired Language

    • After switching to the desired keyboard begin typing in the target language
    • Keyboard Viewer: Using the Macintosh Keyboard Viewer is not required, but may be helpful for test takers typing in a character-based language. Test takers can click the keys on the Keyboard Viewer, or use it as a keyboard layout reference when typing on the physical keyboard
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-onscreen-keyboard.png
     
    • To turn on the Keyboard Viewer click on the Apple menu in the upper right corner and select Show Keyboard Viewer
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-show-keyboard-viewer.png
     
    • Once the Keyboard Viewer is showing, switching to a different language will make it show up on the Keyboard Viewer

    Language Specific Instructions

    Arabic

    • Step 1: Add Arabic and then select Arabic as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-arabic.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Arabic
    • Step 3: Type in Arabic
      • Responses need to be typed in Modern Standard Arabic
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-arabic-keyboard-layout-2.png
     
     

    Armenian

    • Step 1: Add Armenian and then select Armenian - HM QWERTY as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-armenian-2.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Armenian
    • Step 3: Type in Armenian
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-armenian-keyboard-layout-2.png
     
     

    Chinese Simplified

    • Step 1: Add Chinese, Simplified and then select Pinyin Simplified as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-chinese-simplified.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Pinyin - Simplified
    • Step 3: Type in Chinese Simplified
      • Typing in Chinese Simplified begins with typing the pronunciation of the word (Pinyin) and then hitting the space bar to bring up a list of Chinese Simplified characters to choose
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-typing-in-chinese-simplified.png
     

    Note: There is no keyboard layout for for the Chinese, Simplified - Pinyin Simplified keyboard layout because phrases are spelled out with letters from the English Alphabet

     

    Chinese Traditional

    • Step 1: Add Chinese, Traditional and then select Pinyin - Traditional as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-load-chinese-traditional.png
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-chinese-traditional.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Pinyin - Traditional
    • Step 3: Type in Chinese Traditional
      • Typing in Chinese Traditional begins with typing the pronunciation of the word (Pinyin) and then hitting the space bar to bring up a list of Chinese Traditional characters to choose
     

    Note: There is no keyboard layout for for the Chinese, Traditional - Pinyin Traditional keyboard layout because phrases are spelled out with letters from the English Alphabet

     

    Haitian Creole

    • Step 1: Add English language and select ABC Extended as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-haitian-creole.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to ABC Extended
    • Step 3: Type in Haitian Creole
      • Haitian Creole only uses one accent mark - the grave accent mark
      • To type Haitian Creole accent marks click ' (~ key) then type the letter ae, or o to produce àèò. For capital letters hold shift when typing the letter to produce ÀÈÒ
     

    Hebrew

    • Step 1: Add Hebrew language and then select Hebrew as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-load-hebrew.png
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-hebrew.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Hebrew
    • Step 3: Type in Hebrew
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-hebrew-keyboard-layout-2.png
     
     

    Hindi

    • Step 1: Add Hindi language and then select Devanagari as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-load-hindi.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Devanagari
    • Step 3: Type in Hindi
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-hindi-devanagari-keyboard-layout-2.png
     
     

    Japanese

    • Step 1: Add Japanese language and then select Japanese as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-load-japanese.png
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-japanese.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Hiragana
    • Step 3: Type in Japanese
      • Typing in Japanese begins with typing the pronunciation of the word with letters from the English alphabet, and then hitting space bar to bring up a list of Japanese characters to choose. Note: you may need to hit the SHIFT button
     

    Note: There is no keyboard layout for for the Japanese keyboard because phrases are spelled out with letters from the English Alphabet

     

    Korean

    • Step 1: Add Korean language and then select 2-Set Korean as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-load-korean.png
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-korean-2.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to 2-Set Korean
    • Step 3: Type in Korean
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-korean-keyboard-layout-3.png
     
     

    Polish

    • Step 1: Add Polish language and then select Polish as the input source
    macintosh-writing-inut-guide-load-polish.png
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-polish.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Polish
    • Step 3: Type in Polish
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-polish-keyboard-layout.png
     
     

    Russian

    • Step 1: Add Russian language and then select Russian as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-load-russian.png
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Russian
    • Step 3: Type in Russian
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-russian-keyboard-layout-2.png
     
     

    Samoan

    • Step 1: Add Maori language and then select Maori as the input source
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Maori
    • Step 3: Type in Samoan
      • To type Samoan accent marks click ' (~ key) then type the letter aeio, or u to produce āēīōū. For capital letters hold shift when typing the letter to produce ĀĒĪŌŪ
     
     

    Tamil

    • Step 1: Add Tamil language and then select Tamil99 as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-tamil.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Tamil99
    • Step 3: Type in Tamil
     
     

    Vietnamese

    • Step 1: Add Vietnamese language and then select Vietnamese as the input source
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-add-input-source-vietnamese.png
     
    • Step 2: Switch the keyboard to Vietnamese
    • Step 3: Type in Vietnamese
     

    Easy Way to Type Accented Characters

    Mac OS also allows easily typed accented letters and diacritical marks by using a sustained keypress on a single key. For example, if you press and hold on "a" a pop-up will appear after holding that key for a few moments which displays which accents are available for that particular letter or character.

    • Press and hold on the letter you wish to accent, continue holding the letter until a menu with character accents are displayed
    • Choose the character accent with the mouse, or press the number corresponding below the accent in the menu
    macintosh-writing-input-guide-type-accented-characters.png
     

    If this accent submenu feature isn’t available to you, it’s likely because you either have a fairly old version of system software, or perhaps you disabled the accent menu to favor key repeat instead.

    Updated August 2018